LTL Shipping term

Are you looking for a cost-effective way to ship your small cargo without booking a whole cargo trailer?

LTL stands for Less-than-truckload and it is a fast, reliable, and cost-effective that is used for shipping freight.

This method is used in case of less quantity of freight when the whole trailer is not required.

 In that scenario, freight can be transported in a standard truck trailer with other freight without occupying the whole trailer. Sharing the space in another trailer is called ‘Space sharing’.

 The payment is based on the amount of space that the cargo took up in the trailer.

This can be quite beneficial in the case of small cargo as the shipper can save shipping costs by sharing the space in the trailer.

In this blog, we will share complete details regarding LTL shipping, its benefits, and how you can prepare LTL shipping.

Table of Content

Chapter 1: What is the importance of LTL shipping and why is it used?

Chapter 2: Benefits of LTL shipping

Chapter 3: Types of LTL shipping services in china

Chapter 4: Things that should be considered while preparing LTL shipping

Chapter 5: What is the complete Process of LTL shipping in China?

Chapter 6: FAQs About LTL Shipping

Chapter 1: What is the importance of LTL shipping and why is it used?

LTL stands for less than truckload and this shipping strategy comes very handy when the cargo is less than truckload and needs to be shipped.

 It is a supply chain strategy and it is used quite frequently with the increased shipping frequency.

LTL freight management has a very important role in the supply chain and has many benefits.

 In this chapter, we will discuss the importance of LTL and how LTL strategy can be used to help the business.

What is the importance of LTL shipping and why is it used

1. What is the importance of LTL

LTL is used for the shipping of goods that do not require a full truckload. Using this strategy smaller cargo loads are transported in one truck.

 An LTL shipment can weigh around 150 to 10,000 pounds. LTL freight management is important to transfer the cargo in an efficient and optimized manner.

This strategy is cost-effective, efficient, environment friendly, and flexible.

The shipping cost of LTL delivery is determined by various factors including the location of pickup and destination, types of cargo that are being shipped, and the space taken by the freight.

You can also avail of special services with LTL freight including inside pickup and delivery, liftgate pickup and delivery reweighing, and residential pickup and delivery.

However, these extra fees are added for the extra services.

  • Provides flexibility and optimization in shipment

In some cases, a shipment does not require a complete truck.

Most businesses and companies prefer a means of transportation that does not require a complete truckload to ship their freight.

 LTL shipping makes the shipping process flexible and optimized.

Without LTL shipping companies either have to deliver the items with a lot of space in the truck which can cause a waste of time, space, and cost or they have to wait till their cargo reaches a certain point which can cause delays in the shipment.

LTL shipping is a win-win for both parties, customers can get their shipment on time and companies can send their cargo efficiently and in a cost-effective way.

Using LTL multiple companies send their cargo in the same truck at the same time.

This way they can save time, and money and shipping time is reduced as well.

  • Alignment of retailor, provider, and supplier

With the changing consumer behavior and increased customer expectations, retailers have to provide multiple means of delivery to meet all the customer demands.

 They need to provide home delivery, drop-off locations, and store pickup for their customers.

These challenges put extra pressure on retailers to deliver the cargo on time and in the right location to meet their customers’ expectations and demands.

An efficient supply chain plays a vital role to gain success in the marketplace.

If your production schedule is aligned with the delivery windows and transit times then it will make the LTL freight management much easier.

2. Reason to use LTL

LTL can be an effective, environment-friendly, and cost-effective way to ship cargo. It can be used for cargo that weighs more than 150 pounds.

Companies prefer LTL shipping when cargo does not require the whole truck.

It is a preferable choice for business and individual shipper that prefers timely shipping affordable shipping rates.

3. How LTL freight management strategy can be improved?

How LTL freight management strategy can be improved

LTL freight management can accommodate and improve many situations.

If your retailer, provider, and shipment time are aligned then you can greatly improve your budgeting and overall shipping cost because of the increased predictability.

In case of any unpredicted situation or exceptions, you can manage them using your resources and expertise.

Using LTL your supply chain can be improved and you can provide your customer with quicker deliveries.

You can also take the help of a company that offers LTL Transportation services to improve your LTL freight management strategy.

Chapter 2: Benefits of LTL shipping

There are many benefits of using the LTL shipping service. Following is the list of some major benefits of using LTL shipping for your cargo.

1. Minimize the transportation expense and offers an affordable shipping method for small cargo

LTL helps in minimizing the shipping expense and provides an affordable shipping method if the cargo is less than the truckload.

 It can significantly reduce the cost because cargo is shipped along with the cargo of many other companies.

Multiple companies ship their small cargo using the same vehicles which reduces the overall shipping cost for all the companies.

Your cargo must be less than 10,000 pounds in weight and it should not contain more than 11 feet of space in the trailer to qualify for the LTL shipping pricing.

2. Eco-friendly shipping

Climate change is a major concern when it comes to the transportation industry. LTL shipping can be a great choice for you if you are looking for an eco-friendly shipping option.

 It optimizes shipping and reduces fuel consumption and the number of vehicles needed.

It also helps carriers to take the best-suited pathway to reach the destination which helps in saving fuel, time, and cost.

3. Several available shipping options

There are several shipping options available in LTL shipping. You can use various services depending on your requirements.

Some of the LTL shipping options include inside pickup or delivery, liftgate, additional insurance, expedited service, volume pricing, and many more.

4. Provide more security

Provide more security

LTL carriers pay extra attention to the packaging of the goods to avoid any kind of environmental harm to the cargo during the shipping.

 It also makes tracking easier because modern technology is used for tracking the cargo.

Good packaging and proper security ensure the overall security of the delivery. This makes sure that customer always gets the product on time and in a secure way.

5. Easy tracking and tracing of the cargo

LTL shipping provides the facility of tracking and tracing the cargo. It can be a great choice for your business if your business does regular shipments.

LTL shipping helps you track your shipping and give you better visibility of your shipping.

 Your customers can also track their shipment and can check the status of the cargo at any time.

LTL carriers use the latest tracking technology that helps to track the shipping in real-time. This can help in increasing customers’ reliability and trust.

6. National and regional carrier networks access

If you are using LTL shipping then you can get access to the national and regional carrier networks.

This will help you in making your shipping more efficient and optimized. You also have more choices and you can compare the rates of multiple national and regional providers.

This will help you to make an informed decision and choose the best option according to your requirement.

Chapter 3: Types of LTL shipping services in china

Types of LTL shipping services in china

There are several LTL shipping services available in China. LTL shipping companies provide different services depending on the type of delivery.

These specific types can help if you are delivering something that is not usual and helps you to deliver such items as hassle-free as possible.

 Here we have provided a brief description of all the services; you can choose the service that best suits your requirements.

1. White-Glove services

White glove refers to ‘extra care and more attention in service. It is used for the delivery of products that require to be handled with extra care because of their fragility, size, or value.

White glove services are also usually used for fragile items that need to be handled with care.

LTL shipping companies offer white glove services for their customers to ensure that they can deliver their products easily without any worry.

 This way shipping company can ensure that your fragile items are delivered to the customer without any damage and on time.

2. Retail services

services in china

For retail services, the shipping company needs to understand your supply chain process along with the shipping.

Understanding your business and supply chain process can seem like a little extra work for the shipping company.

However, it can majorly help in your retail process and can make the job easier for you.

When you are choosing an LTL shipping company for your business then it is better to opt for a company that is specialized in retail shipping.

 This will help in on-time deliveries and meeting deadlines.

3. Hazardous Materials Services

Some shipping companies don’t provide shipping services to handle hazardous material.

 You need to ask your LTL shipping company in advance if they offer the service to ship hazardous materials.

Hazardous materials can include chemical and hazardous materials and they need to be handled very cautiously because even a small negligence can put the business in trouble and it can also put everyone involved in danger or risk.

If you are using an LTL shipping company that provides specified shipping services for hazardous materials then you can ship your cargo without any worry because the shipping company will take care of it.

Shipping companies ensure that they ship such material in compliance with regulations to avoid any kind of problems.

 They take care of all the regulations defined by the Department of Transportation so your shipping can be smooth and on time.

4. Freeze Protection services

Shipping food items that are cold-sensitive requires extra caution and care. These can include food or medicine that needs to be at a certain temperature in order to ship it to the destination without any damage.

If you need to ship products that require frozen protection you can consider an LTLT shipping company that offers freeze protection service.

LTL shipping companies that provide freeze protection services ensure that your products will remain frozen and reach their destination safely. They make sure that the required temperature is maintained throughout.

 Many businesses may require freeze protection services including food and beverage, chemical products, candy, cosmetics, agriculture, and pharmaceutical.

This specialized LTL shipping service helps the business to ship such products hassle-free.

5. Trade Show or exhibits


Traded shows usually require moving a lot of products and items to the final destination.

 It is crucial to deliver everything on time and safely to the destination of the trade show or exhibits.

 LTL shipping companies offer specialized services to deliver all the items to the trade shows.

If you want to deliver all your show exhibits to your destination without any hassle you can take services from an LTL company that offers specialized services for trade shows or exhibits.

Some shipping companies also provide guaranteed shipping for the exhibit show day when you need your delivery.

This will ensure that you get the shipment on time without any damage. Some companies also offer on-site support to set up everything.

6. Limited Access to pick-ups or deliveries services

Some locations don’t allow the trucks to be entered in that specific location.

This may include construction sites, some residential areas, military bases, churches, government facilities, and schools.

 Shipping in those areas can be hazardous. Some LTL shipping companies offer specialized services to deliver in these kinds of areas.

They work with carriers that are equipped to access these kinds of areas or locations where trucks are restricted.

Chapter 4: Things that should be considered while preparing LTL shipping

 In this chapter, we have provided a guideline to prepare the LTL shipping.

1. Safety regulations, quality inspections, and quality standards

1.Safety regulations, quality inspections, and quality standards

You should carefully consider all the safety regulations, quality inspections, and quality standards that are needed to follow for the shipping.

You need to ensure that your shipping meets all the quality standards and regulations for smooth shipping. Safety regulations and standards can vary from country to country.

You can check the quality and safety regulations in your destination country so you can send your cargo without any hassle.

2. Dimensions and accurate measurements of the freight

You need to check the dimensions and take the measurement of the freight to avoid any surprises later on.

This will give you a clear idea of the weight and dimensions of the cargo and you will know how much space is required for the cargo.

This information can greatly help later on. It will also help you in getting a better freight quote estimation and you can avoid extra costs on your freight shipping.

3. Measurement of the freight after it has been packed

It is also important to measure the freight once it has been packed.

The measurement of the cargo can vary after it has been packed, so you can do the measurement once again after packing to avoid any kind of confusion or unwanted surprises later on.

The accurate information helps in deciding how the cargo should be shipped, how much space it will take, and how it will be stored.

4. Labeling and packaging of the freight

A Bill of Lading

Packaging is a very crucial part of preparing the LTL shipping. It should be done with extra care to avoid any kind of damage.

 Crates and pallets can be used in packing depending on the type of cargo. Small items are usually stored in crates and for heavier items, pallets are preferred.

Crates and pallets also help in keeping the cargo safe from any damage.

5. Bill of Lading (BoL) document

Bill of lading, also known as BoL, is a shipping document that is used in LTL shipping. It contains all the necessary information regarding the transaction.

The information can be about the type of shipment, freight class, information regarding buyer and seller, information regarding other parties that are involved in the transaction, and information regarding the package that is being shipped.

6. Loading of the cargo

Loading and execution is the last step in preparing the shipping. It is important to execute all the above-mentioned steps successfully before loading the cargo.

Your cargo should be ready to load in the carrier at the decided time so your delivery can be on time.

 If you don’t have all the necessary documentation and required labels on the freight then it can cause delays in the delivery.

Chapter 5: What is the complete Process of LTL shipping in China?

What is the complete Process of LTL shipping in China

In this chapter, we have provided the complete process of LTL shipping in China. Following are the steps of the LTL shipping process.

1. Pick up the delivery (P&D)

The first step of the LTL shipping includes Picking up the delivery. Your shipment is usually picked up by a picking trailer. This shipment is then transferred to the terminal to proceed with the shipment.

2. Dropping off the delivery at the central hub

The delivery truck transfers the delivery to the central hub that is also known as break bulk.

The shipment is unloaded, rearranged, and prepared for the rest of the journey. The central hub is considered the hub for that particular region and most of the terminals load in it as a relay point.

3. Transfer the shipment to the long-haul truck

Transferring the shipment to the long haul is also called line haul. Your shipment is moved via a long-haul truck from the central hub.

The long-haul truck can usually carry 11,788 kg of weight. The long-haul truck usually shifts the shipment to another terminal.

4. Drop the shipment at the destination terminal

A long-haul truck shifts the shipment to the destination terminal.

Your cargo is removed from the truck via forklift and then it is prepared to load into a locally-operated delivery truck.

5. Loading the cargo in the delivery truck

When cargo arrives at the delivery terminal then cargo is loaded in the delivery truck depending on the needs of your cargo.

If your cargo is required to deliver to limited access locations then it will be loaded onto the delivery trucks that can fulfill those requirements.

6. Delivery of the cargo to the destination

Delivery of the cargo to the destination is the final step of the LTL shipping process. The cardo is delivered to the destination via delivery truck.

Knowing the LTL shipping process can help you understand the process and gives you a rough estimation regarding shipment time.

Chapter 6: FAQs About LTL Shipping


1. What is LTL Shipping?

LTL stands for less than truckload. It’s a fast and cost-effective way to ship your small cargo that does not require the whole truck.

 LTL shipping is a cost-effective, eco-friendly and fast shipping method for small shipments. It also has many different types of services that we have explained in chapter 3 of this blog.

2. What are the benefits of using LTL shipping?

LTL shipping is fast, environment-friendly, and cost-effective. It is easy to track the shipment via LTL shipping. It is an easy and secure shipping method and provides many services.

3. What can I ship via LTL shipping?

You can ship your cargo via LTL shipping if its weight is between 150 to 15,000 lbs. You will only pay for the space that your cargo is taking in the truck.

4. When LTL shipping should be used?

LTL shipping should be used when your shipment is small and does not require a full truck.

This will save you money and time. You can ship if the weight of your shipment ranges between 150 to 15,000 lbs.

5. What are some of the important metrics of LTL shipments?

Some important metrics and the key metric in the LTL shipments are cost, on-time delivery, and damage-free shipments,


LTL shipping is a cost-effective and environmentally friendly shipping method in case of small shipments.

It can be helpful in case of small cargo and you will only pay for the occupied space instead of paying for the whole truck.

 It is eco-friendly because small shipments from various businesses or companies are shipped at the same time in an optimized and efficient manner.

It has many benefits and LTL shipping companies offer users many specialized and advanced services that they can avail themselves of.

It is easy to track and provides a secure way of shipping the cargo to the destination.

LTL shipping can be used to ship cargo if the weight of the cargo is between 150 to 15,000 lbs.

We hope that this blog will be helpful for you to understand LTL shipping and its complete process.